LEARNING CYCLE II
(Kindergarten, First and 2nd grades)
As a bridge linking Maternelle to Cycle 2, Kindergarten prepares students for more organized learning. It is part of both cycles.
1- The French language:
Mastery of oral French, reading and writing are the most important aspects of the curriculum. Language learning is done through the study of a variety of books. Students will perform some already studied texts through interpretation, recitation, diction, and theatrical games.
They are expected to speak French, to write in cursive and to understand simple grammatical agreements. Oral and reading activities are used to encourage creative writing.
Classroom and group rules are reinforced. Students start to understand their responsibilities in society. They discover the relationship between liberty and the constraints imposed upon them by living within society.
They are expected to respect their classmates and the adults in the school. They learn about road safety and first aid principles in order to protect themselves.
The program is enriched with the integration of the French and Oregon math curriculums. It covers whole numbers, geometry, measurement and problem-solving.
Problem solving :
using addition, subtraction and multiplication,
solving problems involving money (euros and dollars),
using different techniques.
Reading, writing decomposition of ordinal and cardinal numbers up to 100 in 1 st grade and up to 1000 in second.
Mental calculations, addition, subtraction and multiplication
Use of a calculator,
Ordering natural whole numbers,
Arithmetic relationship between the natural whole numbers,
Locate point or object on a grid, plan or map,
relationships and properties: right angle, symmetry, length equality etc.
solids: cube, parallelepiped;
drawing lines and segments
Plane figures: triangle, square, rectangle and circle.
Identify an axis of symmetry and complete a figure making it symmetrical.
In measurement : introduction to length, weight, volume, time and money.
4- Discovering the World:
In geography, students will explore more diverse environments. They learn to describe and compare landscapes, study some characteristics of their immediate environment, other continents.
In history they learn to distinguish recent past from distant past, locate an event in a chronological sequence, about clocks and calendars. They will read simple historical documents.
In science they will observe life through animals and plants. Students will learn simple criteria of scientific classification and be familiar with the technical world. The areas covered are:
Matter: different states of matter, matter conservation, water cycle, air, use of thermometers
The living world: study of the body and rules of hygiene, plant and animal life, observation and comparison of living beings in their diverse environments.
Technical objects: observation, use and construction of simple machines, analysis of some breakdowns.
Introduction to information technology for learning purposes.
5- Artistic Education:
Artistic education covers mainly visual arts and music. The students will develop sensitivity, expressive abilities, discover materials, instruments and techniques that will allow them to better express their feelings. They will observe, transform, and produce different images:
use of drawing in its many forms,
realization of one or multidimensional productions individually or in groups,
use of different artistic materials, supports, tools and techniques.
study of some artistic masterpieces.
In music, students develop their singing and listening ability. They learn to control their voices and are introduced to polyphony and to some musical instruments. They differentiate different forms of music and hear and internalize different tempos.
Dancing, theater plays, architecture, the cinema are also explored.
6- Physical Education:
As in Maternelle, Physical Education focuses on the development of basic motor skills: movement, equilibrium, handling, projection and reception of different objects.
However, more organized sports will be practiced : athletic activities, collective games, and gymnastic activities.
Physical education fosters character building in encouraging respect, sportsmanship, responsibility and autonomy.